Because dyslexic’s primary thinking style is in pictures, they mainly have trouble with words that don’t produce a mental picture. Ron Davis has identified 217 of these everyday words such as the, it or if. When a dyslexic runs across one of these words, they become confused and will automatically begin to misperceive what is written which can create a number of problems.

A Mis-Reading Exercise


To get an idea of how dyslexics see the written word, try to read the paragraph below.

Now move your mouse cursor over the image! We hid all the "trigger words" that cause disorientation. To a dyslexic, they often seem to disappear from the page!

How Disorientation Undermines Conceptual Understanding


When a dyslexic becomes confused, a misperception will result. At that moment the person has experienced a reality that is not experienced. Because there are frequent opportunities for disorientation, may dyslexic, or A.D.D. individuals do not learn the basic lessons of life as earl as other children. As a result, sometimes the concept of consequence is not fully learned.

Additionally, while the person is disorienting, a distorted sense of time develops. A person may experience the measurement of a minute as either very long or very short, but it is never the same. Most children have some awareness of time by age seven, when they cans sense the passage of 5 minutes. But the person who disorients readily will not develop this sense even as a teenager or adult.

With an inherent sense of time comes the same sense of sequence. We understand the way things follow each other one after another and if this is developed we develop an inherent sense of order as opposed to disorder. The essential ingredient in developing these inherent senses is the concept of time.

How Disorientation Affects Attention:


The person who disorients readily experiences distortions in visual and auditory perceptions, a shift in time sense and a reversal of balance and movement senses. When this occurs, we can see how behaviors associated with A.D.D., inattention, impulsivity and hyperactivity result.

How Disorientation Affects Attention


The person who disorients readily experiences distortions in visual and auditory perceptions, a shift in time sense and a reversal of balance and movement senses. When this occurs, we can see how behaviors associated with A.D.D., inattention, impulsivity and hyperactivity result.

Distorted Perceptions of Sound and Vision


Someone who experiences distortions in sound wither hears what people say to him incorrectly or hears their words inaccurately. This results in inappropriate responses. The person thinks they are doing what is asked, but others this as exhibiting opposition, or acting without thinking.

When vision is distorted, the person will not see the task correctly or consistently so mistakes are made. Often they will reorient by shifting their attention to something else but when this happens, they often never get back to finishing the original tasks.

Time Sense Distortions


A distorted sense of time can lead to a number of things. Often the world goes to slow for the person who se internal clock chronically moves faster. Because of the habitual distorted perception, the person does not grasp notions of consequence of orderliness. This can lead to lack of awareness of socially acceptable constraints. Young children may find it difficult to take turns. With no sense of time, there can be no such thing as waiting.

Balance and Motion


A person who disorients can feel as if they are moving when they are not. If he just tries to sit still, he runs the risk of feeling sick to his stomach. Often they will become jittery, tap their foot or bob their head to compensate. When this happens, they actually feel as if they are sitting still.

What Is The Solution?


The Davis Orientation Counseling Program provides tools to control their disorientations and their internal clock. Using the Davis Symbol Mastery techniques they master the concept of consequence, time sequence and order vs disorder. It may take a little time for someone to overcome ingrained habits, but with the proper skills in place, the person no longer has distorted perceptions and experiences the passage of time consistently. Soon he will be living in the same world as others around him and act accordingly.


Professional services described as Davis™, Davis Dyslexia Correction®, Davis Symbol Mastery®, Davis Orientation Counseling®, and Davis Math Mastery® may only be provided by persons who are employed by a licensed Davis Specialist, or who are trained and licensed as Davis Facilitators by Davis Dyslexia Association International.